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RBP: Tracking Vitamin A Deficiency

The World Health Organization has estimated 250 million children have moderate to severe Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) due to lack of adequate nutrition, and the rising cost of food staples around the world further exacerbates this problem. In addition to nutritional deficiencies, infectious stresses have been shown to depress retinol concentrations causing individuals with diseases that interfere with adsorption or storage of vitamin A such as cystic fibrosis, pancreatic insufficiency, duodenal bypass, celiac, cirrhosis etc. to run the risk of VAD.

Retinol binding protein (RBP) is from a family of structurally related carrier proteins that bind small hydrophobic molecules such as bile pigments, steroids, retinoids and lipids. RBP is a highly conserved 21 kDa single-chain glycoprotein, consisting of 182 amino acids with 3 disulfide bonds. It has a hydrophobic pocket which binds retinol (vitamin A). RBP binds retinol in a 1:1 stoichiometry, which serves not only to solubilize retinol but also to protect it from oxidation. When in serum, the majority of RBP bound with retinol is reversibly complexed with transthyretin. This complex transports retinol to specific receptors of various tissues in the body. Vitamin A status is reflected by serum concentration as it is thermostatically controlled and does not fall until stores are dramatically reduced. RBP has been shown to be a useful surrogate marker for retinol because of the correlation between retinol and RBP in serum, which implies that RBP can be used to monitor vitamin A deficiency.

The New DetectX® Retinol Binding Protein (RBP) Multi0-format EIA Kit, K062-H, is designed to offer two separate formats to allow measurement of RBP in serum, EDTA or heparin plasma, urine and 1/8’-1/4” dried blood spots with just one kit. This kit uses native human RBP as a standard, the concentration of which has been established via amino acid analysis.

  • Dual range: 1000-7/81 ng/mL (10 µL format)
                         200 -1.56 ng/mL (100 µL format)
  • Fast: Results in 90 minutes
  • Stable: Liquid reagents stable at 4°C
  • Economical: 38 or 230 samples in duplicate
  • Sample types: Serum, Plasma, Urine and Dried Blood Spots

Typical Standard Curves


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Serum Creatinine Detection Kits, KB02-H

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