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- Features Mouse Monoclonal
- Purified IgG with no carrier protein
Prostaglandins are synthesized from arachidonic acid by cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 or -2, which convert the acid into PGH2. This is further processed by cytosolic or microsomal prostaglandin synthases to become PGE2 or one of several other prostanoids. Prostacyclin is the major cyclooxygenase product in blood vessel walls and it is present in inflammatory fluids in similar concentrations to PGE2. PGE2 is a potent vasodilator and produces hyperalgesia. PGE2 is produced by a wide variety of tissues and in several pathological conditions, including inflammation, arthritis, fever, tissue injury, endometriosis, and a variety of cancers.