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- Assay Type Sandwich ELISA
- Sample Types Serum, Plasma, Tissue Culture Media
- Sensitivity 11.7 pg/mL
- Species Human, Elephant, Seal
- Assay Duration 2.5 Hours
- Samples/Plate 40 in Duplicate
- Readout Colorimetric, 450 nm
- Standard Curve
Prolactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone that is synthesized and secreted from specialized cells of the anterior pituitary gland. The hormone was given its name based on the fact that an extract of bovine pituitary gland would cause growth of the crop sac and stimulate the production of milk in pigeons or promote lactation in rabbit. However, it is now appreciated that prolactin has over 300 separate biological activities. Prolactin has multiple roles in reproduction other than lactation, and it also plays multiple homeostatic roles in the organism. Furthermore, the synthesis and secretion of prolactin is not restricted to the anterior pituitary gland, but multiple other organs and tissues in the body have this capability.
Profile of serum Prolactin levels from a pregnant African Elephant